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A Guide to Choosing the Right Business Structure for Your SME

Choosing the right business structure is one of the pivotal decisions you'll make for your small to medium-sized enterprise (SME). This choice impacts not just how much tax you'll pay, but also your financial liability, the amount of paperwork your business is required to do, your ability to raise money, and the ease with which you can change your legal structure if needed. It might seem daunting, but we're here to guide you through the process.

We understand the importance of making informed decisions that are best suited to your business needs. The structure you choose affects every aspect of your business operations, from day-to-day functioning to your financial and legal obligations. Our goal here is simplifying this decision for you by breaking down the complex terms into easy-to-understand information.

Navigating through this process involves more than just knowing the names of different business structures. It's about understanding which structure aligns best with your business goals, strategy, and long-term vision. Stick with us, and we'll explore the nuts and bolts of business structures in Australia, helping you make a choice that sets the foundation for your business success.

Understanding Different Business Structures in Australia

When starting a business, it’s crucial to choose the right structure as it shapes your responsibilities, taxes, and setup costs. In Australia, the common structures are Sole Trader, Partnership, Company, and Trust. Each has its distinct features and implications for business operations.

A Sole Trader structure is the simplest form, where one individual owns and manages the business, making it straightforward to set up and operate. However, it’s important to note that as a sole trader, your personal assets can be at risk if your business is in debt.

A Partnership involves two or more people or entities running a business together, but unlike a sole trader, it’s governed by a partnership agreement. This setup allows the sharing of income, costs, and skills but can lead to complexities in decision-making and profit distribution.

Companies are separate legal entities that limit personal liability but are more complicated and costly to run. They require compliance with more regulations and give you a greater ability to raise money by selling shares.

Trusts are entities that hold property or income for the benefit of others, known as beneficiaries. This structure provides unique tax advantages but is complex and requires a formal trust deed.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Each Business Structure

Each business structure comes with its own set of benefits and challenges, which can significantly affect how you do business in Australia.

For Sole Traders, the benefits are numerous; it’s easy and inexpensive to set up, you have full control over the decision-making process, and you get to keep all the profits. However, this structure also means unlimited liability, which can be risky if things don’t go as planned.

Partnerships, while beneficial for leveraging additional skills and resources, can lead to disputes among partners. Also, each partner is liable for the actions of the others, which could affect your financial security.

Setting up a Company offers credibility and limited liability, which means your personal assets are protected in most circumstances. Yet, this structure requires considerable effort in terms of compliance, higher setup costs, and ongoing charges.

Trusts provide excellent asset protection and potential tax advantages. Nevertheless, they demand a comprehensive understanding of legal obligations and entail high setup and administrative costs.

Understanding these pros and cons will help you navigate your way to choosing the most suitable structure for your business, balancing between ease of setup, liability, control, and compliance with legal requirements.

Key Considerations When Selecting a Business Structure

Choosing the appropriate business structure isn't just a legal formality; it's a decision that impacts your tax obligations, liability, and potential for growth. It’s vital to consider several key factors to ensure your selected structure aligns with both your current and future business goals. First, think about your ability to bear financial risk. Structures like sole traders and partnerships expose your personal assets to business liabilities, whereas a company or trust can provide a shield.

Next, evaluate your readiness to handle administrative duties. Companies and trusts generally incur more paperwork and regulatory scrutiny than simpler structures, such as sole traders or partnerships. Are you prepared to undertake these requirements, or would you prefer simplicity?

Finally, consider your future plans. If you aim to expand your business or bring in more owners, a structure that supports this growth will be crucial. For example, a company might be a better fit than a sole trader setup if you’re planning to sell your business or go public eventually.

Steps to Legally Establish Your Chosen Business Structure

Once you’ve decided on the most suitable business structure for your business, the next step is to set it up legally to ensure compliance and protection. First, acquire any necessary registrations and licences specific to your chosen structure and industry. For a company, this involves registering with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), which includes obtaining an Australian Company Number (ACN).

Next, you'll need to apply for an Australian Business Number (ABN) and register for Goods and Services Tax (GST) if your annual turnover is expected to exceed $75,000. Keeping up with these registrations not only keeps you compliant with Australian laws but also facilitates smoother operations in handling taxes and other business essentials.

If you choose a trust, you need to set up a trust deed that outlines how the trust operates, which will require legal expertise to ensure it complies with Australian law. Every step should be documented carefully to avoid any legal complications down the line.


Choosing the right business structure is crucial for setting your SME on the path to success. By considering how each structure operates in line with your business goals and preparing adequately for the responsibilities each entails, you place your business in a stronger position to thrive. Remember, the structure you pick today will shape your business’s journey forward.

At Symmetry Accounting & Tax PTY LTD, we understand the complexities involved in making these important decisions. Our experienced team, specialising in accounting services for small businesses, is geared to guide you through choosing the perfect structure that complements your business aspirations and supports your growth. Ready to firm up the foundation of your business? Reach out to us, and let’s set your SME up for success.